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SAP FICO Interview Questions and Answers

Our experts providing  SAP FICO interview questions & Answers/Faqs can develop your carrier & knowledge to find the right job in a good MNC’s, doesn’t matter what kind of company you’re hired.

1) Explain the term SAP FICO?
SAP FICO stands for FI ( Financial Accounting) and CO (controlling). In SAP FICO, SAP FI take cares about accounting, preparation of financial statements, tax computations etc, while SAP CO take cares of inter orders, cost sheet, inventory sheet, cost allocations etc. It is the software that stores data, and also computes them and retrieves the result based on the current marketing scenario. SAP FICO prevents data lost and also does the verification and reporting of data.

2) In SAP FI what are the organizational elements?
The organizational elements in SAP FI are:

a) Company Code

b) Business Area

c) Chart of Account

d) Functional Area

3) What is the company code in SAP?
To generate financial statements like Profit and Loss statement, Balance sheets etc. company code is used.

4) In SAP how input and output taxes are taken care?
For each country tax procedure is defined, and tax codes are defined within this. There is a flexibility to either expense out the Tax amounts or capitalise the same to stocks.

5) What are the application areas that use validation and substitutions?
FI- Financial accounting
CO-Cost accounting
AM-Asset accounting
GL-Special purpose ledger
PS-Project system
RE-Real estate
PC-Profit center accounting

6) What are the other modules to which ‘Financial Accounting’ is integrated?
The other modules to which ‘Financial Accounting’ is integrated are

a) Sales and Distribution

b) Material Management

c) Human Resource

d) Production Planning

e) Controlling of financial transaction

7) What are the options in SAP for Fiscal years?
Fiscal year in SAP is the way financial data is stored in the system. In SAP, you have 12 periods and four special periods. These periods are stored in fiscal year variant that is:

a) Calendar Year: From Jan-Dec, April-March

b) Year dependent fiscal year

8) What is credit control area in SAP?
To immune your company from the risk of bad debts and multiple outstanding receivable, you can set a credit limit for your customer by using credit control area in SAP. With the help of SAP, you can block the deliveries to your customer based on the credit limit and the accounts receivable balance in their account which is maintained by you.

9) In SAP what is the use of FSV ( Financial Statement Version) ?
FSV ( Financial Statement Version) is a reporting tool. It can be used to extract final accounts from SAP like Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet. The multiple FSV’s can be used for generating the output of various external agencies like Banks and other statutory authorities.

10) How can you create Credit Control Area in SAP?
By using transaction code OB45 or path you can create Credit Control Area in SAP

SPRO> enterprise structure >maintain structure>definition>financial accounting>maintain credit control area and then enter the following description

a) Update

b) Name of the credit control area in SAP

c) Currency

d) Description

e) Credit Limit

f) Risk Category

g) Fiscal Variant

h) Rep group

11) What is the purpose of “Document type” in SAP?
The purpose of ” Document type” in SAP is

a) Number range for documents are defined by it

b) Types of accounts that can be posted are controlled by it, e.g Assets, Vendor, Customer, Normal GL account

c) It is used for the reversal of entries

12) How are tolerances for invoice verification defined?
Tolerance determines whether the payable places matching or tax hold on the invoice. The following are the instances of tolerance can be defined for Logistic Invoice Verification.

a) Small differences

b) Moving average price variances

c) Quantity variances

d) Price variances

13) What is APP in SAP Fico?
APP stands for ‘Automatic Payment Program’; it is a tool provided by SAP to companies to pay its vendors and customers. APP tools help to avoid any mistakes taken place in posting manually. Also, when number of employees is more in the company, payment through APP becomes more feasible.

14) What are the methods by which vendor invoice payments can be made?
a) Manual payment without the use of any output medium like cheques etc.

b) Automatic payments like DME (Data Medium Exchange), cheques, Wire transfer

15) What is the default exchange rate type which is picked up for all SAP transactions?
For all SAP transaction, the default exchange rate is M (Average Rate).

16) For a Company Code how many currencies can be configured?
There are three currencies that can be configured for a Company code, one is a local currency and two are the parallel currencies.

17) What is a field status group?
‘Field status groups’ control the fields which come up when the user does the transactions. In FIGL (Financial General Ledger) master, the field status group is stored.

18) What is FI-GL (Financial- General Ledger) Accounting does?
To get an overview of external Accounting and accounts, G L (General Ledger) Accounting is used. It does the recording of all business transactions incorporated with all other operational areas in a software system and also ensures that the Accounting data is always complete and accurate.

19) In Asset Accounting what is the organizational assignments?
In Asset Accounting, chart of depreciation is rated as the highest node, and this is assigned to the company node. All the depreciation calculations are stored under the chart of depreciation.

20) How capital WIP (Work In Process) and Assets accounted for in SAP?
‘Capital WIP’ is referred to as Assets under construction in SAP and is represented under specific asset class. Depreciation is not charged under ‘Capital WIP’ usually. The cost incurred on building a capital asset can be booked to an ‘internal order’ and through the settlement procedures, and can be posted onto an ‘Asset Under Construction’.

21) What are one-time vendors?
In certain companies, especially the one dealing with high cash transactions, it is not practical to create new master records for every vendor trading partner. One time vendors allows a dummy vendor code to be used on invoice entry and also the information which is usually stored in the vendor master.

22) What are the standard stages of the SAP payment run?
The following steps are the standard stages of the SAP payment run

a) Entering of parameters ( Vendor Accounts, Company Codes, Payment Methods)

b) Proposal Scheduling – the system proposes the list of invoice paid

c) Payment booking- the booking of the actual payments in the ledger

d) Printing of payment forms ,example cheques

23) In Accounts Receivable, what is the difference between the ‘Residual Payment’ and ‘Part Payment’ methods of allocating cash?
‘Residual payment’ and ‘Part payment’ are the two methods for allocating partial methods from customers. For example, an invoice for $100 is generated, customer has paid $70. Now this $70 will be off-set and leaving the remaining balance $30. With residual payment, the invoice is cleared for the full value of $100 and a new invoice is generated for the remaining balances $30……. For more   Click Here

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